Wednesday, December 25, 2019
Recent years health experts have been warning people to control their weight and adopt a healthier lifestyle.Over time obesity is a still problem with our society today also, its rates have tripled especially in America.It is obvious we are losing the battle against obesity. Combating obesity and its numerous illnesses will not require more drugs to lower cholesterol, diet books. It will require rethinking our environment.Other measures need to be taken to tackle this international epidemic. Addressing this issue is no easy task,Several experts have suggested implementing a junk food tax by the government. This would provide funding to regulate junk food, it is advertising, and many other areas improving our health. This idea has sparked a wide controversy in regard to the obesity issue, the benefits of such a tax plan, and our cherished individual freedom that health is our own responsibility. This essay examines, firstly the main reasons for the obesity epidemic, then focuses on the position of the government for the solutions.Some people think that the best way to reduce overweight is to taxing on junk food the effective way for government.Others, however, believe there are better alternative ways of reduce obesity such a doing more physical activity or calorie labelling would be more effectivly. There are many reasons for obesity, the first main reason is consumption of energy. People have taken more energy but used less energy in daily life, also few physicalShow MoreRelatedObesity And Its Effects On Obesity1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdestructive can effects of obesity be. First of all what is an obesity? Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual s ideal body weight. It is a very serious problem and is becoming very dangerous in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world. Obesity is now considered to be the second most preventable death in Ame rica, with tobacco being the first. As use of tobacco rates continues to decline, the obesity rates continue to rise. With that being said, death numbers of obesity are goingRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity970 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesObesity is the buildup of excess body fat, caused by the ingestion of more food than the body can use in which the extra calories are stored as fat. Obesity is measured by taking BMI, or body mass index of the person which is their height and weight and putting it into a formula. As stated by The Editors of EncyclopÃ ¦dia Britannica, Ã¢â¬Å"A BMI between 25.0 and 29.9 equates with overweight and 30.0 and above with obesity. Morbid obesity (also known as extreme, or severe, obesity) is defined as a BMI ofRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity1692 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ Ã Obesity in America is a health issue which needs to be addressed, but many do not realize that obesity is an issue that needs to be addressed in more ways than one. Ã Because Americans are not knowledgeable in the issue of obesity, many in society view obese people as unhealthy and irresponsible and treat them with disrespect. Ã How to overcome and prevent obesity, its causes, and different treatments are all ways that obesity needs to be addressed; however, the disrespect towards those who are obeseRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity Essay1282 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesactually leading to an unhealthy lifestyle which is known as obesity. IV. Obesity is a condition of human body that is not as desirable Body Mass Index (BMI) due to accumulation of excess body fat in the blood vessels. A. According to Gary D. Foster, author of the article Primary PhysiciansÃ¢â¬â¢ Attitudes about Obesity and itÃ¢â¬â¢s Treatment ,this disease become epidemic in the society and not being solved as the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ fears to treat obesity is mainly due to their negative approaches towards this problemRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity1068 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesObesity has been around for several thousands of years but hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t always been a serious epidemic. A higher amount of fat or stored energy used to mean a greater chance at surviving a famine, but those times are long gone in the industrialized world. As time has progressed, weÃ¢â¬â¢ve see an exponential growth in obesity rates despite our best efforts to slow it down. In order to contain and eventually decrease obesity rates, we would first need to know what fuels this powerful monster of the westernRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Obesity is a condition that is characterized by excess body weight due to the overconsumption of calories in relation to the calorie loss. There are however other associated causes of obesity that have been identified by the scholars and the variables involved in the trend of this condition have a significant correlation. Different tools have been implemented overtime in the management of obesity to mitigate the short term and the long-term effects that result from this conditionRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity Essay913 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRecent years health experts have been warning people to control their weight and adopt a healthier lifestyle.Over time obesity is a still problem with our society today also, its rates have tripled especially in America.It is obvious we are losing the battle against obesity. Combating obesity and its numerous illnesses will not require more drugs to lower cholesterol, diet books. It will require rethinking our environment.Other measures need to be taken to tackle this international epidemic. AddressingRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesApproximately 17% of children in the United States have been diagnosed as obese (Prevention, 2011). Although the prevalence of obesity has plateaued in the most recent years, the amount of children who are obese is still higher than what is desired. These obesity rates are alarming due to the effect it will have on them and their healthcare. As more children are diagnosed with obesity, the more children increase their risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and insulin resistance later as adults (NewbyRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe famous actor and comedian, Will Ferrell, quoted on twitter, Ã¢â¬Å"Obesity doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t run in your family, no one runs in your familyÃ¢â¬ . The joke was intended to be funny, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure it hit closer to home for a lot of people more than anything else. Many problem s in America consist of low employment rates, global warming and, not to forget, obesity. What other country has issues that include the overweight factor? Exactly, none. While mostly adolescent teens to adults are struggling to turn their livesRead MoreObesity And Its Effects On Obesity1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesObesity in America is rising with an alarming, and disturbing rate: more than one-third of adults (78.6 millions) are obese according to Center for Diseases Control and Prevention. In addition, no states in America have prevalence of obesity less than 20 percent; while the states having leading percent of obesity are Arkansas, Mississippi, and West Virginia. ObesityÃ¢â¬â¢s common effects on health are low life expectancy, high blood pressure, stroke, migraine, low back pain, etc. Furthermore, a recent
Monday, December 16, 2019
Chapter nine in Ringel and Brandell book deal with the trauma that could develop among gay males. This paper will explore childhood and adolescence period. According to Ringel and Brandell the trauma evolve in relation to the larger life development, called Ã¢â¬Å"traumas of development.Ã¢â¬ That could lead to narcissistic injuries that inhibit the self-structure that displayed in a range of defensive behaviors. In addition it could happened together with different issues of early development (pp. 171-172). According to Ringel and Brandell, the main key to understand Ã¢â¬Å"traumas of developmentÃ¢â¬ is the effect of the individual home environment. Another factor in the effect on gay child development is outside of home environment. This is why itÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦175). Ringel and Brandell introduce OrnsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s suggestion of treating trauma in with self-psychology. When keeping sense of stability is necessary to the establishment of a cohesive self. Through time the cohesive self-assist with development sense of identity. Trauma can actually jeopardize the continuation of self. Pieces of traumatic memory can appear in the form of flashbacks or within a dream jeopardizing the existence of cohesive self (p. 173). Ringel and Brandell add OrnsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s explanation on the difference between childhood and adult trauma. The difference between them is within the attendance of a united nuclear self (p. 173). Ringel and Brandell explain that symptoms as a results of trauma usually defined as post-traumatic stress disorder. In the other hand symptoms that appear as a result of chronic interpersonal trauma starting in early childhood defined as a disorder of extreme stress not otherwise specified (p. 173). Ã¢â¬Å"Feeling differentÃ¢â¬ by proto-gay children connect to shunned cultural images that cause emotional overstimulation and cognitive disorganization (p. 173). Ringel and Brandell emphasis that the society and outside of home environment many times is difficult enough to handle, and when children experience un-acceptance at home too it makes it even worse. In this situation the child have no one to turn to, or a proper model to follow. This resultShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Home Environment On Children1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract The use of child daycare has been debated endlessly. It has become hard to determine how it may aid in the development of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s cognition or if it hurts it instead. This is partly because of the wide variety of types of child care and the opportunities that are given to young children. Fortunately, measures have been created to help standardize what a daycare does and how it is run. In this paper, several studies are assessed and the criteria that daycares are held to are evaluated.Read MoreThe Development And Behavior Of A Child906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe development and behavior of a child can be the result of different factors. The most important of them are parents and environment, mainly peers. However, in 1998, Judith Rich Harris published her book called The Nurture Assumption in which she argues that parents really do not matter very much. Harris suggests that peer group of a child is more important that parents (Scientific American). Our main goal is to provide arguments on both sides and evaluate who really has the most influence on theRead MoreThe Effects Of Homeschooling On The Cognitive Development Of Elementary Age Children1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImagine what it would be like to not get to have your first day of school as a child. For a child that is home schooled, they never get to walk through the doors on their first day with a new backpack, new school supplies, and new clothes. As little as this issue may seem, is it important for people to understand the effects that homeschooling can have on the cognitive development of elementary age children because by not being exposed to the resources and relationships children can get out of publicRead MorePoverty And Poverty796 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHow environmental factors and poverty influenced my development. Poverty played a very prominent role throughout the course of my life. I encountered various issues which influenced my psychological development and hindered my ability to pro perly process the consequences of my behavior. Also, the lack of resources limited my access to a proper education and a safe living environment. Despite the fact I am now a well-adjusted individual there is no doubt my internal and external behaviors along withRead MoreLev Vygotsky s Theory Of Cultural Development Essay1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesteaching and publishing literary works, and finally turning his attention to fundamental questions of human development and learning, where he made his biggest impact in the psychological field. Vygotsky proposed a general genetic law of cultural development in which cognitive function occurs on two planes: first on the social (between individuals), followed by the individual (internalized by the child) (Bjorklund, 2005). For a number of years, his theory mainly gained attention in Russia and Eastern EuropeRead MoreEssay on The Daycare Debate1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOne of the largest social controversies of the current time are the parental pressures attached to whether or not a child should attend daycare. While many parents struggle with this decision, others do not have the luxury of choice; many questions are raised asking if it is beneficial or harmful for infants and young children to attend daycare, spending the majority of their waking hours with caregivers other than their parents. There are of course many opinions and studies regarding this issueRead MoreMaking a Suitable Environment for Your Disabled Child1395 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChildren with disabilities will make a significant improvement in their skills if they live in comprehensive and inclusive environment for them. Inclusive environment will benefit the child in several ways. The primary goal of creating an inclusive environment is to involve the disabled child with their peers, family, and the outside world. The suitable environment will support them by making modification and training on their behavior and attitude. Therefore, they will be prepared to lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s experiencesRead MoreFamily System1001 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"healthyÃ¢â¬ when it comes to development and family systems. Heathly and normal can be a matter of perspective and culture. Research has provided the understanding that what happens to a child during the developmental phases of life affect them conscious and unconsciously; with the most effect coming from within the family system. Roehlkepartain reports that spiritual development is an essential aspect that can either be a catalyst towards the ir spirituality or pull the child away from it. In relationRead MoreCompare and Contrast The first program that I observed was Victor Valley College Child Development1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesVictor Valley College Child Development Center. It is a Free State preschool program. The program has two sessions in each session there are 16 children. The ages range from 3-5 years old. The program serves diverse families. The program offers various types of services such as information to community resources. Also, if children need services such as speech the children are provide those services on site. The teachers are encouraged to attend various types of staff developments. The programs philosophyRead MoreBronfenbrenner Analysis Essay1174 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCourse: Tutor: Date: Urie Bronfenbrenner is today credited and known in the psychology development field for the development of the ecological systems theory constructed to offer an explanation of the way everything in a child and their environment affects the whole child development. Bronfenbrenner ecological the ory has levels or aspects of the environment containing roles, norms, and rules defining child development namely the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosytem, the macrosystem and the chronosystem
Sunday, December 8, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Impact of Power Market Monopoly. Answer: Introduction: An economy is any sector that covers production, distribution, consumption of different agents, individual and institutions. A market structure is one that contains features of a single seller, unique products that runs a monopoly market. The market structure defines and sales on unique product in the market, with low or no competitions. The monopoly is expected to provide and sale the product as a sole provide, with no alternative (Koziashvili, 2011). A monopolys potential to raise prices indefinitely is its most critical detriment to consumers because it has no industry competition, a monopolys price is the market price and demand is market demand. A business monopoly market structure can influence the operations of an economy; they can dominate production and distribution of goods and services(Koziashvili, 2011). Nigeria is classified as the one of the two largest economies in Africa with a well-established capital market, and highest literacy levels. The Nigerian population has been growing rapidly over the years where it is estimated to be over 160 million people according to its 2006 census(Onazi, 2013). The large population and high literacy levels as contributed the country to be a regional power house in West Africa. In addition the country enjoys numerous natural resources which include fertile lands for agriculture, mineral solids, and large deposits of oils and gas reserves. The country is estimated to be the leading producer of oil ranked 12th in the world, in addition it is well known in production of gases in the entire worked ranked position eight(Obadote, 2009). Nigeria companies and business operations are affected by use of power. The power holding company has become a natural monopoly that is state owned. Despite several challenges facing the authority the company has taken part in nations socio-economic development encouraging Nigeria to be a well industrial society(Chukwu, 2011). Despite investments by the federal government of Nigeria it is reported that there is power outages. The outages as affected many business industries depend on it. Other challenges reporting from monopoly of the industry is unreliable service provisions to its customers. It has led to more privatization of the industry into series of successor companies. In ensuring that problems are solved an independent regulatory agency was formed as per electric power sector reform act of 2005. The agency was to improve undertaking of the power industry by issuing licenses, monitoring and regulations, and providing guidelines for operations(Fare, 2016). Statement of the problem The economy of Nigeria is characterized with divergent challenges covering different characteristics, outcomes, contradictions that directly affect its citizens. In service provision of power, Nigeria faces a challenge majority of poor service originates from the power industry (Bello, 2016). A critical scrutiny of the structure of the economy in respect to a power market monopoly market shows negative inclinations. Nigeria economy performance indicators are based on product and service provisions. The power industry controls various functions of the economy. Sales performance in companies in Nigeria has been reported to have reduced by a lower % due to cost and inconsistencies in power supply. Production industry is affected by prices charged by the power industry market monopoly(Adoghe, 2009). Recent statistics by the ministry of economic and research showed that amount produced, consumption levels, and product pricing is directly affected by monopolized decisions done in electric power industry. Statistics have shown consumption among consumers declining each year at a constant rate of 2.1% yearly which affect performance of Nigerian Economy. From this basis the study found it necessary to analyze, understand how power market monopoly structure can influence the performance economy of Nigeria. In understanding the aim the study will limit itself on sale of products and consumer demand(Iyoya, 2002). Aim of the study The purpose of this research is to find out how power market monopoly impacts sales performance of Nigerian companies. Objectives of the study The study will seek to address the following research objectives: To establish the impact of power market monopoly on sales performance in Nigeria companies. To find out how power market monopoly affects sales performance in service provision in Nigeria companies. To find out how power market monopoly affects consumers demand for sales of products and services among Nigeria companies. Research questions The study will be guided by the following research objectives: That is the impact of power market monopoly on sales performance in Nigeria companies? How does power market monopoly affect sales performance in service provision in Nigeria companies? Do power market monopoly affects consumers demand for sale of products and services among Nigeria companies? Justification and potential output of the research The outcome and results of the study will useful in addressing issues related to business market and economy. By carrying out the research it provide solutions to problems relating to economy and consumers. The outcome of the study will be useful to the Government of Nigeria in coming up with policies regarding performance of the economy caused by influence of market monopoly. The results will be useful to Ministry of economic research as additional knowledge. In addition customers will find avenue for decision making regarding monopoly market in power industry. Researchers and future scholars will find useful additional knowledge available to them. Conceptual framework Figure 1 conceptual framework The demand and sales of products and services defines performance of an economy, but is depended on the industry providing the service. The power market industry is characterized as a monopoly market with few entrants, no industry competition, and high barrier to entry. Concept of power market monopoly The term monopoly is defined by a single service provider that serves whole the national economy. The economies of scale that a firm owns make it a monopoly(Rosenthal, 2012). Majority of power in world employ monopoly because it owns supply and provisions of electric power to its citizens. Many business or organization units providing utility services have unique features or characteristics that make other firms difficult to join or sustain(Koziashvili, 2011). If any monopoly unit is not regulated it can lead to cases of poor service, and unsatisfied products. The power industry is expected to be subsidized provided at lower costs. In Europe matters of power industry is privatized which has led the government to share the burden with the private firm(Asker, 2013). In a competitive market the monopoly powers can directly affected by increase in prices, lower costs, and no innovations. In power industry the market power combines with monopoly power to have a total control of the market(Makwe, 2012). In Nigeria power is control, supervised and managed by a single firm, where they can raise prices for any service provision. Economists argue that when power is not fully regulated or maintained it can directly lead to a fallen industry(Lehdonviita, 2014). Concept of performance of company sales The economic growth and development of any nation is depended upon adequate and affordable power supply. Countries and individuals economy is measured based on the income it raises less expenditure that it consumes(Iyoya, 2002). Example of one of the current expenditure that touches all the areas of economy it is the cost of power. The economy according to economists can be measured on the basis in which it can provide quality goods and services at affordable pricing. The provision of service means that it must be adequate and sufficient enough to meet citizens of a country(Shaaban, 2014). The cost of production will be higher if the power used to produce the products is higher in comparison to the output. When products and services matrix is consumed more due to its lower value the sales of companies grows(Makwe, 2012). Investors would like to invest their resources in countries with lower cost of production. The cost of electricity as made other countries in the world to look for other alternative methods to supply power to its industries and firms(Okonjo, 2012). Sale of power industry service One of the macro service provisions in the world is the sale of power industry service to specific countries. In countries the sale of power products covers a single supplier framework agreement(Greatorex, 1994). The power industry covers energy services like conservation, management, and renewable services. The state of Nigeria only sales energy power requirements, other energy products like gases and power electrical have been left for private sector to manage(Bello, 2016). Dependability of electric power service is well known to rest upon provision of certain ancillary services. With industry integrated structure, the burden for providing some of these services should be enhanced by integrating certain utilities to compete with other generation firms(Lehdonviita, 2014). Sale of energy products directly depend on foreign barrel prices, high standard of living, transport systems, and tariffs and taxes imposed by the country(Obadote, 2009). Pricing of power industry depends with different states policies and regulations. To avoid customer exploitations power regulatory agencies have been instituted to cover customers against exploitation by cartels found in the industry. (Oyewunmi, 2016). Customer of demand on sales of products and services The economy of countries is controlled by the demand and supply matrix. If the supply is higher demand is higher to and vice versa. Consumers will demand for products which have certain characteristics and features(Shaaban, 2014). Because majority of consumers are depended on power on their daily basis it becomes difficult to work without it. The consumers cannot control the supply of power because it is controlled by a single monopoly provider(Asker, 2013). They have to tolerate with what they are being offered even if it is unfriendly, poor and expensive. One of the factors influencing customers purchasing power is lack of alternative substitutes, low competition, and acceptance of one supplier pricing. (Lehdonviita, 2014). Universally it is reported that customers will be satisfied if the service offered is of quality and delivered at the required time. In monopoly market especially power industry complains have been emanating from poor service provision. The poor service delivery has led to other countries privatizing the power electric industry(Obadote, 2009). The chapter will address the methodology applied to obtain the end results of the project. It will outline the design, data collection procedure and analysis. Research design The study will utilize descriptive explanatory and survey type of design. Descriptive explanatory and survey type of design is used to explain the cause and effect of a phenomenon(Fink, 2006). Survey design will be used to seek opinions of consumers on demand of goods and services. Both will be used to explain how electric power market monopoly impacts performance of an economy. Study area and sampling frame The study will cover ministry of Economic Research that handles matters regarding Nigerias state of economy. The ministry has collected major findings and articles regarding Nigeria economy and measure statistics of a monopolized market. From the Ministry data bank companies, businesses and units can use to develop policies regarding market structures, and economy (Asker, 2013). The study will target an average of 100 customers who will randomly visit the online forums on first to come basis. Data collection instrument and sources Both qualitative and quantitative data will be used for the study. Primary and secondary sources will be used to obtain the information(Flick, 2015). Documentary review will be done on journals, company records, and books to obtain information on impact of power market monopoly on the economy(Neuman, 2012). Online forums to customers will be conducted to obtain information regarding to sales and demand of power market products and services. Questions on sales trends, product pricing, consumer behavior and barriers to consumption opinions will be asked Data collection process and analysis The data collection of secondary will involve visiting the Ministry of Economic Research offices after a pre-visit for authorization had been done. A customized user friendly website that will facilitate online forum and discussion will be created(Taylor, 2015). Data collection period will be three working days. Data collected will be arranged and coded ready for analysis. Qualitative data will be analyzed based on jigsaw approach analogy. Jigsaw approach is where pieces of information are stitched together those that are related(Mackey, 2015). Quantitative data will be analyzed using inferential statistics. Use of mathematical measurement regression analysis, statistical modeling to be used will be presented. Y = XB1 + XB2 + XB3 Where: X= Independent variable (power market monopoly) B1 to B3= Dependent variable (performance of economy indicators) Regression will be tested to establish variables predicting other variables. References Adoghe, A. . (2009). Power sector reforms: effect on electric power supply reliability and stability in Nigeria. International journal of electrical and power engineering, 3(1), 36-42. Asker, S. (2013). On complex dynamics of monopoly market. Economic modelling, 31(1), 586-589. Bello, D. (2016, January 10). Tarriff regulated design in electrical distribution industry. Tariff regulatory design industry, pp. 12-45. Chukwu, U. . (2011). VZG electric power company estimate and axilliary service market evaluation. Power and energy society general meeting, 3(1), 1-8. Fare, R. . (2016). Market power and technology. Review industrial organization, 40(2), 134-146. Fink, A. . (2006). How to Conduct Surveys: A Step-by-step Guide. Beverly Hills. CA: Sage. Flick, U. (2015). Introducing research methodology: A bigginers guide to doing research project. New York, United States: Sage. Greatorex, M. a. (1994). "Modeling consumer risk reduction preferences. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 15(4), 2-56. Iyoya, M. . (2002). Explaining African economin growth performance: a case of Nigeria. Lagos: Report on Nigeria case study prepared for economic research project. Koziashvili, A. . (2011). Monopoly vs. competition in light of extration norms. Public choice press, 148(3), 561-567. Lehdonviita, V. (2014, 10 3). Market power and pricing. In virtual economics: design and analysis, pp. 101-120. Mackey, A. . (2015). Second language research: methodology and design. New York, United States of America: Routledge. Makwe, J. A. (2012). A economic assessment of the reform of Nigeria electric market, energy and power. Lagos: MIS press. Neuman, W. . (2012). Basic of social research: qualitative and quantative approaches. London, Unted Kingdom: Sage. Obadote, P. (2009). Energy crisis in Nigeria: technical issues and solution. Industrial sector prayer conference (pp. 1-9). Lagos: Nigerian press international. Okonjo, N. (2012). Conclusions and a look forward: in reforming the unreformable lessons from Nigeria. MIT press, 15(1), 133-144. Onazi, O. (2013). The good governance of electricity: Nigeria as case study. In human rights from community: a right based approach to development, 10(3), 123-149. Oyewunmi, T. . (2016). Gas supply to power markets in Nigeria. A regulatory and economic assessement, 2(16), pages 16-24. Raper, K. . (2007). Distinguishing the source of market power. America journal of agricultural economies, 80(1), 78-90. Rosenthal, J. (2012). The ministry monopoly and market monopoly. University of Rittsburgh press, 25(3), 62-93. Shaaban, J. (2014). Renenewal and sustainable energy. London, United States: Elsevier. Taylor, S. . (2015). Introduction to qualitative research methods: Aguide and resource. London, United Kingdom: John Wiley sons.
Sunday, December 1, 2019
The Advantages of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Paper One of the most controversial debates in recent history has been the human embryonic stem cell debate. Millions and millions of embryos are not used each year when they could very well lead to a cure for fatal diseases such as leukemia and cancer. As well as become a cure for neurological diseases like AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease and ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease. Human embryonic stem cell research has enormous potential to cure many diseases and change the face of modern medicine. However, there is much debate against the use of embryos because many people believe that an embryo should be treated as a human being because they have the potential to become human beings. Background information on the research of embryonic stem cells is important to know before developing an opinion. Ã¢â¬Å"All cells come from cellsÃ¢â¬ (Holland et al. 4). There are three different types of stem cells: totipotent, pluripotent, and specific stem cells. All of them have the capacity to grow, reproduce and produce specific body cells or tissues. Totipotent stem cells are totally potent and are capable of forming any kind of body cell. An individual totipotent cell has the potential to become a human being. All cells are totipotent during the early stages of an embryo (Peters). Pluripotent or multipotent stem cells are not totally potent therefore they cannot develop into a human being. Pluripotent stem cells can develop into the three major tissue types: endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm (Pinon 501). Tissue specific cells are what they are, specific stem cells. They develop into specific cells. We will write a custom essay sample on The Advantages of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Advantages of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Advantages of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer For example, skin stem cells produce only skin cells, blood stem cells produce only blood cells and so on (Holland et al. 5). Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) come from an early stage embryo. Fetal stem cells are cells within the fetus that cultivate into various organs (Stem Cell 13) and adult stem cells are within a specific tissue such as the brain or bone marrow. Adult stem cells have the potential to replicate themselves and become specialized to other types of tissue (Stem Cell 13). Of all the stem cell and embryo research that has been conducted, the most important discoveries about stem cells have been discovered in recent years. In 1999, the journal Ã¢â¬Å"ScienceÃ¢â¬ declared stem cell research to be the breakthrough of the year, largely in part to the research performed by Dr. James Thomson and Dr. John Gearhart (Ã¢â¬Å"BreakthroughsÃ¢â¬ 1999 2-3). In 1998, Dr. James Thomson, an associate veterinarian in the University of Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center, led a research team that was the first to isolate human embryonic stem cells. Thomson and his team started with a fertilized ova, embryos from in vitro fertilization, not placed in a uterus and cultured them for about four to six days. In doing this, they created a line of embryonic stem cells. Another important discovery also came in 1998, from John Hopkins University School of Medicine where Dr. John Gearhart, a professor of gynecology and obstetrics, led a research team that successfully drew human embryonic germ cells from fetal tissue. These cells are exactly like pluripotent (not totally potent and cannot develop into a human being) stem cells. Cloning has strong ties to stem cell research because both involve the use embryos. In 1997, Ian Wilmut cloned a sheep named Dolly. Wilmut has never tried to clone a human and he is still against the idea. Dolly was actually not the first animal cloned. During the 1960s, frogs were reported to be successfully cloned. But this did not attract the interest of politicians or the public. The Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland, the same institute that cloned Dolly, had actually cloned sheep before. In 1995, two lambs, Megan and Morag were cloned. However, these 1995 clonings also did not attract much interest. The main reason that Dolly was so popular is that Dolly was cloned from an adult sheep that was already dead (Pinon 499). During cloning, nuclear transfer procedure takes place (Pinon 499). An egg is received from a donor female by simulating ovulation. The eggÃ¢â¬â¢s nucleus is removed and a nucleus from the organism to be cloned is placed in the egg. Finally, the new egg is placed in the uterus of the mother. The result does not come from sexual reproduction, however cloning does still need an egg and a uterus. Cloning of humans should never take place because of moral and ethical implications. However, using human embryos for stem cells will help millions of people worldwide who suffer from devastating diseases and disorders. Over 100 million Americans suffer from diseases that can be treated by stem cell therapy. Some of these diseases include: heart disease, AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s, ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s and diabetes. Many of them are fatal. Many of these diseases have little or no treatment; therefore millions of Americans are desperately looking for cures. Stem cells could revolutionize modern medicine because of its advantages. Patients that have had a stroke or damage to their spine could receive stem cell therapy that would restore their central nervous system. Congestive heart failure affects almost five million people in the United States with 400,000 more diagnosed each year. About 1. 5 million people are affected by myocardial infarction, which is the number one cause of heart muscle damage, and nearly one-third die (Holland et al. 8). Research has shown that while traditional drug therapy is effective for some patients, stem cell therapy could dramatically reduce the number of deaths contributed to heart disease each year (Holland et al. 8). AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia that affects memory and everyday thinking functions usually among older people. It affects the brain areas that control thought, memory and language and is caused by a loss of nerve cells within the brain (A. D. E. A. R). ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is a motor system disorder that is caused by the loss of dopamine producing cells within the brain. Dopamine, a chemical messenger, transmits signals throughout the brain. Without dopamine, nerve cells in the brain degenerate leaving patients with less control of their movements than normal. Severe trembling of hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face are the most significant symptoms of ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Information). People with ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s disease have difficulty talking, walking, and even completing simple everyday activities (ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Information). AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s affects over four million people and ParkinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s affects one million. Each year, 500,000 Americans will suffer a stroke. (Holland et al. 8). Using neural cells (nervous system cells) produced from stem cells can treat spinal cord injuries, stroke, and even AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease and drastically reduce the suffering of these millions of Americans. Stem cells also shows promising results for people with hearing loss. Inner ear hair cells have been created from mouse embryonic stem cells at Harvard Medical School. Inner ear hair cells are microscopic hairs that stimulate hearing. Nearly 80 percent of all hearing losses are caused by damage to these inner ear hair cells. This research could lead to a cure for hearing loss (Quick 1A). Heart tissue or organs such as the liver could be grown in a laboratory. These organs could be used for transplants. It is important to remember that not all stem cells can come from a human embryo. There are some alternatives to embryonic stem cells. The most significant alternative n recent years has been the discovery of stem cells in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s umbilical cord. Usually, the umbilical cords have been discarded but now there are many organizations that will freeze the blood within the cord. Within umbilical cord blood are stem cells that could be used later in life to cure diseases such as dementia and leukemia. However, umbilical cord stem cell research is stil l a work in progress. Juan Sanchez-Ramos, University of South Florida, believes that only one umbilical cord blood stem cell out of a million will be able to regenerate nerve-like cells. The use of embryonic stem cells is a very controversial topic mostly because of ethic, moral and religious arguments. On the day that the cloning of Dolly was announced, President Clinton requested that the National Bioethics Advisory Commission Ã¢â¬Å"undertake a thorough review of the legal and ethical issues associated with the use of this technologyÃ¢â¬ (Pinon 507). Many questions arise from research with embryos like stem cells and cloning. Can we play God? Is it ethical? Is it fair to let a person suffer when stem cells can present cure? Is it morally correct to deprive an embryo of its potential for life? These questions bring about much controversy and debate regarding human embryonic stem cells. The most common protest to embryonic stem cell research is that embryos will not fulfill their potential of becoming a human being. This brings about the question of: at what point does life start? Many people believe that human life begins at conception and that we have a moral obligation to preserve human life beginning at conception. There are many religious views on this issue. According to Jewish tradition, it is not until after 40 days of implantation that an embryo has moral status. A child is considered to be a part of its motherÃ¢â¬â¢s body until it is born. Only once the child is born is it then considered to be living its own life (Stem Cell 44). For centuries, the Roman Catholic Church deemed that life began 40 days after conception, a view adopted by Augustine of Hippo and Thomas Aquinas (Stem Cell 44). Today, the Catholic Church views life to begin at conception, the earliest possible time, and that human life must be protected starting at that point. Protestants accept embryonic stem cell research, however they oppose all other research using embryos. In 1999, the National Bioethics Advisory Commission regard the research of human embryonic stem cells as acceptable as long as it is Ã¢â¬Å"conducted reasonably and ethicallyÃ¢â¬ (Stem Cell 44). It is critical that scientists, government officials, and ethicists all agree on the appropriate definition of reasonably and ethically and establish common ground before the promising research of embryonic stem cells is actually used on humans. Government funding for embryonic stem cell research has also been a hot topic. On August 9, 2001, President George W. Bush gave permission for federal funds to be used only for research using about 60 stem cell lines. These 60 stem cell lines were approved by the National Institutes of Health. There currently are no laws prohibiting the private sector to produce stem cells, however there is some legislation in the works (Stem Cell 46). The PresidentÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to limit federal funding to stem cell research draws controversy from both religious leaders and scientists. Scientists say the limited funds will setback research whereas religious leaders complained that the President broke a campaign promise (Ã¢â¬Å"Stemming ResearchÃ¢â¬ 6A). Embryonic stem cells present a very realistic cure for numerous diseases and can reduce the suffering of millions of people. Stem cell research should continue because of its promising potential to rid the world of horrific diseases like cancer. Scientists and ethicists should all agree on the correct vocabulary defining what is ethical and at what point does life really begin before human beings are included in stem cell research. Cloning, whereas is similar to stem cells because it involves the use of embryos should not be used because of moral obligations to preserve human life. The medical breakthrough of stem cells should be used to our advantage.
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
How Charlotte Bronte portrays John Reed, Mrs Reed and Mr Brocklehurst in Jane Eyre Essay Example How Charlotte Bronte portrays John Reed, Mrs Reed and Mr Brocklehurst in Jane Eyre Paper How Charlotte Bronte portrays John Reed, Mrs Reed and Mr Brocklehurst in Jane Eyre Paper Essay Topic: Jane Eyre Literature Charlotte Bronte was a female writer in the 19th century. She was born in 1816 and suffered the loss of her Mother at the age of 5. She was then moved to a Yorkshire parsonage, and shared a close relationship with her siblings. During their time at the parsonage, they created a fantasy world using nothing but toy soldiers and their imagination. This shows that they were obviously socially deprived, forcing them to socialise via their imaginary characters. One could assume that Charlottes deprived childhood might have contributed to the way in which she portrayed characters in her novels, and the genre. As regards to the question above, Janes character is defined by the meeting of 3 characters; John Reed, Mrs Reed and Mr Brocklehurst. When Jane encounters John Reed, we can see that she is (as a child) a bold character that isnt easily intimidated, without the use of undue violence, and even then Jane is often resilient. A quote that justifies this is: Wicked and cruel boy! You are like a murderer, you are like a slave driver, you are like the Roman Emperors This was Janes retort to one of Johns many childish and spontaneous violent acts. Because of Johns stupidity, he must resort to violence in order to re-gain his role as alpha male, although her retorts often only worsen the situation as Jane knows they irritate John. We also see that Jane likes to be quite isolated from her surroundings; although this could be due to the way she was treated. Evidence that supports this is the quote from the text: With Bewick on my knee, I was then happy: happy at least in my way This shows us that Jane must seclude herself from everything, in order to feel calm. Finally, Janes encounter with John allows us to see that she is a bright, quick-witted character. We know this as she will often relish on Johns stupidity, and use it against him to briefly take the dominant role. Mrs Reed is another aspect of Janes character. Mrs Reed allows us to again, notice the boldness of her character. Mrs Reed is another resentful figure towards Jane, and is often drawn into arguments between Master Reed and Jane. Because of Mrs Reeds hostility towards Jane, she uses such arguments as a way to gang up on Jane, and intimidate her. An example of this from the text would be: Take her away to the red-room and lock her in there The quote above shows Mrs Reed punishing Jane/defending John, despite her not seeing what actually happened. Mrs Reed most likely feels burdened by Janes imposing presence, or possibly even threatened; thus provoking her hostility. This only further tempts Jane into a retort, thus starting a vicious circle between the Reeds and Jane. Finally, to sum up Janes character; we meet Mr Brocklehurst. Mr Brocklehurst is a very strict, religious man, who believes in rules such as: Children should speak only when spoken to This reflects as he meets Jane for the first time. He is taken aback by Janes daring, non-submissive attitude, and is obviously used to intimidating children similar to Jane. When the two characters collide we see a new side of Jane. At first she is bold and daring (her usual character), but towards the end of the meeting she because almost submissive. This is due to Mr Brocklehurst offering her a place away from Mrs Reed and John; Lowood school. She sees this as a fresh chance; a chance to make new friends and start over. This causes her to be civil in Mr Brocklehursts presence, and even surprises Mrs reed! After this, Mrs Reed and Jane meet one last time. Jane; knowing she has a new start waiting, launches into Mrs Reed, attempting to provoke guilt. This is a new aspect of Janes character rage. This time Mrs Reed doesnt have her wits about her, and succumbs to Jane, allowing her to take the dominant role. To conclude, the three characters portray Jane as a bright child with elements of anger. We can see that Jane is obviously suffering a deprived childhood, and lacks the love and compassion offered by a true family. Because of this, Jane is left to fend for herself; causing her to mature quickly for her age, and experience strong emotions of what could possibly be described as depression. In spite of this, she is a bold, determined girl who wont let such feelings get to her. All in all Jane a mixed character.
Friday, November 22, 2019
Make a Wax Paper Leaf Pressing Collecting and saving leavesÃ in scrapbooks and nature journals is a fun activity for families to do together, creatingÃ reminders of memorable hikes, camping trips, or walks at your localÃ parks. Even with all theÃ tree leaf identificationÃ resources available online today, you still cant beat using a real, preserved leaf to assist you in looking up different types of trees and plants.Ã Or you can document different colorings on the same trees from year to year in your own backyard, tracking how wet and hot the spring and summer were and noting the effect on the trees leaf colors that year. Pressing leaves using wax paper is an easy alternative to a building and using a plywood leaf press because the device is bulky and takes some time and effort to construct. Using wax paper captures some color, highlights a leafs structure, and the project is manageable from a time and materials standpoint. You likely have all the materials you need already, without needing a special shopping trip to hunt them down. Difficulty: Easy Time RequiredÃ 10Ã minutes per leaf What You Need Wax paperWooden cutting boardThin towelWarmed ironLeaf Heres How Collect the leaf or several leaves that most represent an average-looking leaf of the tree species. Have a few samples of each kind you wish to preserve, in case one gets damaged. Inspect your specimens for fungus or insects before taking them with you.Ã Back at home, place aÃ collected leaf between two layers of wax paperÃ with plenty of room to trim and preserve the wax seal.Ã Open a towel on aÃ wooden cutting board. Put the wax paper leaf sandwich onto the towel and then fold it over the top of the specimen. A thin kitchen dish towel is preferable to a thick terryclothÃ towel. You can even use paper towels.Ã Turn the iron on medium dry heat, and evenly iron over the towel. The heat will seal the leaf between the wax paper sheets. After a couple of minutes of ironing, flip over the folded towel and iron the specimen from the other side as well. The wax paper should get somewhat clearer as it melts around the leaf.When cool, trim the wax paper specimen to fit a piece o f white paper. Label the page, and insert it and the preserved leafÃ into aÃ three-ring sheet protector. Keep your collection in a binder. Tips Depending on the tree species, aÃ green leaf may brown a bit. This is normal and should be considered when reviewing leaf color.Bring your collected leavesÃ home between the pages of a book or notebook, as they could get crumpled or torn in your pocket or bag. Warnings Children should not use a hot iron without adult supervision (or even may need adult help, depending on the age of the child).Ã Do not take leaves from national parks.Make sure your local state parks dont have any restrictions before picking leaves, such as not going off the marked trails, or not touching endangered species. Some parks may not allow the picking of any plants.Learn what poison ivy and poison oak look like, so you dont accidentally take leaves from those plants.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Research Methods - Essay Example The influence of social network sites in Regents College University students Background and Introduction Considering that man is a social being, the desire to remain in contact with others and share thoughts as well as feelings have led to the invention of various social media platforms. The social network sites have made it possible for individuals to keep in touch, just by the click of a button. Thus, people can share files including their photographs, while also chatting in real-time with other people from different parts of the world. Students can discuss ideas and assignments over the social network sites, either with their colleagues or even their instructors. Thus, social network sites have helped advance communication and connectivity for people, students inclusive. Nevertheless, the social network sites and their activities have become so much addictive, that people spend most of their times there, forgetting to attend to other important issues. Social network sites are a ma jor cause of distractions to students, affecting their performance and grades. ... It has been pivotal in assisting students undertake their research and accomplish their assignments with great ease, compared to when they could be looking for information from the library books (Conley, 2011 n.p.). The advantage of students using the internet for their research is the fact that, it has a wide range of information, dating from the very old archival information, to recently done studies in different fields (Wankel, 2012 p36). In addition, the internet has provided social communication networks such as Facebook, Twitter, Second Life, LinkedIn, among many others (Marti?nez & Wartman, 2009 p73). Considering that such social networks are free and open for anyone to join, they have attracted millions of people, mostly the younger generation, who are mostly students. While such communication networks have allowed them to connect and keep in touch with others, they have caused the students a great deal of distraction, making them spend most of their time on those sites, at t he expense of concentrating in class work (Fewkes & McCabe, 2012 p94). Methodology Quantitative method of research was applied in the study, where questionnaires were prepared and distributed to students. The questionnaires sought to find the time that each individual student spends on the social network sites, every day. Additionally, the questionnaires were formulated to collect information regarding which particular times students visited the social sites, either during the day or at night. The questionnaire also collected information regarding the nature of activities that students undertake on the social sites, with a view to understand whether the activities were communication or research oriented. A sample of 20 students was selected from each class undertaking various
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Abortion - Research Paper Example Though these Ã¢â¬Å"sidesÃ¢â¬ may be difficult to come to terms with, they offer essential insights, even though other relevant sides of the stories may outweigh these insights. The rhetoric, then concerning abortion discussions revolves around labels such as the pro-life and pro-choice (Alcorn, 2009). Nonetheless, what these discussions technically advance it that either side of the former is against life, while the other side is against choice. Ultimately, these discussions ignore the nuances in a victimÃ¢â¬â¢s (personÃ¢â¬â¢s) position. Well, with regard to these, various moral principles try to demystify the moral groundings of abortion. The first moral consideration is that which considers the status of the unborn child, while the second one is that which considers the rights of the expectant women or rather pregnant women (Alcorn, 2009). A great deal of the debate regarding abortion has revolved around the knowledge, namely, whether an unborn child or the fetus is a person or not. Consequently, if an unborn child is a person, then it has the rights that belong to persons, and not thereof limited to the right to life. Thus, the personification of the unborn child or the fetus is the link between the former and the right to life (Alcorn, 2009). Therefore, from a philosophical point of view, it is clear that an unborn child in itself is a person. That is, an individual with his or her own right regardless of its status or position. Nonetheless, it is difficult to determine the exact stage at which a fetus develops into or becomes a person (Alcorn, 2009). Could it be at conception, the first trimester, or even at birth? This therefore is the technicality. Nonetheless, taking the life of a person is in itself an illegal act, and the moral grounding of the act may be unjustifiable. The interesting thing about pregnant women is that they are bestowed with the
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Education Is the Key to a Good and Successful Life Essay Getting a good education is one of the foundations of living a good life. Yes of course morals, family, and religion are huge parts of your life, but without a good education youll have a hard time going anywhere but down in this world Im afraid. The word education is misrepresented often though, because it does not always mean reading lots of books and writing tons of papers to get a good grade. No education is learning how to do things the right way at its most basic level, and when you do things right in life you become successful without a doubt. Sure there are those people out there that dont need their high school diplomas, or didnt need college, and thats just great! Theyve been naturally blessed with strong minds and good skills to provide for them in life. But as with most people, life is a learning process and school helps you organize the early years of that process so you can become as efficient and successful as early in life as possible. So if youre thinking about dropping out of high school, then you need to think twice! High school definitely isnt the most exciting place to spend your youth years, thats a fact! But none the less its still important to your life on a huge scale. High school provides you with a general range of knowledge that can be applied through out your entire lifetime. Then in high school you get the chance to branch out a little more and experience a little bit of everything. This helps you to decided maybe what you want to do when you finally do finish high school and begin the next step in your life. After high school though the possibilities grow so much greater for you. College is the general destination for most high school graduates, but it definitely isnt for everyone! Some people will continue to college, pick a major, graduate, and become successful in their field for the rest of their life, and thats just wonderful! But for others, that may not be the best route to take. A lot of people join the military, because its a good life style to live. The military provides a structured way of life as well as a strong paycheck to live by. Army personnel, whether they be officers or ensigns, never go to bed hungry or cold because what they cant provide for themselves the military will provide for them. Granted this does come at a huge cost. You will serve out the time you signed up for, no excuses, as well as you put forth 100% of yourself (including your very own life) to be in our military. Its a good life style to live, but it also has its price. Also another choice of action would be a trade school to become an electrician, plumber, or other manual labour type of job. These jobs though, compared to just mowing lawns, give you a good education in the field and you can earn huge amounts of money because of all the technical knowledge and skill required. This way of living is definitely not for those who dont want to get dirty, or for those who are lazy because it is not an easy way to go! Many people also just live off their own cleverness. They sell products or invent nifty tools that people buy and use. These are special kind of people because they work much harder than the others. These kind of people are the ones who started with almost nothing and become millionaires. They didnt inherit the money, all they did was use the mind in their head to get them ahead in life. So before you blow off education, just remember these things! If you think dropping out of high school is for you then think again because just finish high school and the possibilities open up before you. The military, trade schools, your own cleverness, or even just college are great choices after high school and they all will provide you with the skills and tools needed to become successful in life. So dont brush off education as a waste of time just because its not the most fun thing to do, because even though its not fun its still hugely important to your life. Remember that, just remember that.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
The United States of Emergency We are living in an ongoing crisis, a long-term state of emergency. We are at war all over the world (U.S. government officials tell us that Al-Qaeda operates in or from 60 countries). We have partial martial law within our country, most obviously in airports. Escalation has taken over. Killing has escalated. Fear has escalated. This gives diversity consciousness a new resonance, a new bottom line. It gives people a renewed purpose. Diversity is the key to survival. So the logic is clear: diversity must be escalated. "They don't think like we do," said a U.S. terrorism expert. "I could never imagine myself diving a plane into a building and killing people." The response of some people shows their cognitive/imaginative threshold. Some people were conceptually blocked. "I can't imagine how they could do that," said many people after Sept. 11. When we define some people as deviant, we can't approach them in our usual way, it puts them beyond our reach, or else we would have to admit that their deviance is within our repertoire as well. The more different from our norm someone is, the more we are challenged to bridge the distance. When we live with great overlap and similarity, we don't practice making contact with "the farther reaches of human nature" (the title of a book by Abraham Maslow), our own or someone else's. We talked about outsiders and outcasts in connection with the School shootings of the past few years. When I was teaching "Lord of the Flies" to a high school English class, students were quick to dismiss a character as nuts. They accepted only a narrow band of normal. We write off, avoid, demonize, pathologize, those who seem different. We homogenize our mental/emotional/political environment. We reinforce our norms and convince ourselves we are the most normal AND the most special people in existence. Feminists are terrorists to a male-dominant world order. Someone who is considered deviant is by definition not accessible in the usual mode and is seen as a threat to one's stability and security. "A physician has to enter the consciousness and subjectivity of the patient or he's not a good physician," says Dr. Oliver Sacks. Dr. Jerrold Post, George Washington University psychiatrist, has been giving interviews in which he says the terrorists are not psychotic.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
What does it feel like to wake up in the morning and look forward to a day of teasing and name calling? What does it feel like to be engulfed in a world of negativity? BullyingÃ¢â¬ ¦ Unwanted and aggressive behavior among school aged children involving real or perceived power imbalance. Bullying is no manÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend and it shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be. We see it all around us in our daily lives. All across the United States, this form of victimization has become an infamous trend among scholars. About 3 million out of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s 21 million students are affected by bullying. That is about 1 student in every 7 students! Numerous people have different perspectives on what bullying is. Some think it means physical hurting while others think it is only emotional hurting. All of these are correct due to the fact that there are different ways one can be bullied. Bullying is unwanted and repeated behavior among students which includes Physical, Verbal, Indirect, social Alienation, In timidation and Cyber Bullying. see more:speeches on bullying Physical bullying is a serious problem it is when one person or a group of people picks on or harasses another person in a face to face confrontational manner. Verbal bullying is the most common form but it is just as bad as the other types. It is when an individual uses verbal language (e.g., insults, teasing, etc.) to gain power over his or her peers. Social Alienation is one type of bullying whereby exclusion is occurring between students due to social differences. The devastating part about this form is that it is not easily recognized as a form of bullying. Intimidation is the acts of making someone feel fearful by using threats. Last but not least, Cyber bullying which happens when kids bully each other through electronic devices. Over 25 percent of adolescents and teens have been bullied repeatedly through their cell phones or the Internet. With the increase in our use of technology, this form of bullying is increasing to higher rates. How can you stop this from happening? How can we put an end to bullying? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s simple. The best way is NOT ignoring it whenever you see it going on. STEP UP! And be an advocate for your fellow peers that are hurting. Bulling is BAD! And it is up to YOU if you would let it happen whenÃ you see it going on or stop it. experience
Saturday, November 9, 2019
1: What are the key success factors (KSFÃ¢â¬â¢s) in the male shaving market? How are they different from the female shaving market? 2: How can Philips increase the worldwide share of Ã¢â¬ dry shavingÃ¢â¬ ? 3: How will you characterize and explain the cross-national advertising Ã¢â¬ rowing boatÃ¢â¬ campaign? 4: Who are the target groups for the:a) Ã¢â¬ rowing boatÃ¢â¬ advertising campaign b) Ã¢â¬ giftÃ¢â¬ advertising campaign c) WilliansF1 advertising campaign5: What is the difference in the cooperative relationship that Philips has with Nivea (Cool Skin) and that with WilliansF1? 6: Discuss the internet as a part of a multiple distribution channel strategy for Philip shaversIntroduction:Ã¢â¬â Philips is a dutch diversified technology company headquartered in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The brand was founded in 1891 by Gerard Philips. Now, it is one of the largest electronics companies in the world (People: 122.000 Ã¢â¬â Countries: 60)Ã¢â¬â Currently, the bra nd Ã¢â¬Å"PhilipsÃ¢â¬ is organized in three divisions: Ã¢â¬â Philips consumer lifestyle Ã¢â¬â Philips healthcare Ã¢â¬â Philips lightingKey Datas:Ã¢â¬â Chairman: Jeroen Van der Veer Ã¢â¬â Revenue: About 25 billions of Euros. Ã¢â¬â Collaboration: Nivea in 1998 (The Cool Skin) Ã¢â¬â Sponsor: PSV Eindhoven football team Ã¢â¬â Motto: Sense and SimplicityMajor Inventions of Philips:Ã¢â¬â Audio Tape (1963) Ã¢â¬â Compact Disc with Sony (CD Ã¢â¬â 1982) Ã¢â¬â Senseo (Coffee machine Ã¢â¬â 2001) Ã¢â¬â Blu-Ray Disc with Sony (2006)1) What are the key success factors (KSFÃ¢â¬â¢s) in the male shaving market? How are they different from the female shaving market?Philips, the market leader in dry shaver owes its success to a mix of different elements . First of all, the research and development department offers innovations enabling the brand to market different new products all in line with consumer needs . Therefore , the consumer feels the difference and more prone to change. They speak of a rassage Ã¢â¬Å"more comfortable , without irritation , no nicks , no cutsÃ¢â¬ Thanks to advanced technology Philips managed to reduce boundaries between wet and dry shaving and thus seduce advantage of consumers. In addition, Philips emphasizes the saving of time and cost savings that can bring dry shaver.Secondaly, thanks to its partnerships with brands such as Nivea and WilliamsF1, Philips managed to make known its products but also to associate with brands whose image brands allows it to attract many consumers, but also to benefit from a high visibility at sporting events such as F1 races. Also, thanks to its partnership with Nivea, Philips seems to involve a brand for comfort and hydration during shaving. So we can say that thanks to two points, consumers show a high satisfaction it gives to Philips a significant advantage over its competitors. On the women's market, it is completely different because women are more receptive to the design and sensitivity of shavers. The women's market requires more advertising and promotions. Indeed, this is explained by the fact that the shaver women remains a touchy subject compare to the man market.2) How can Philips increase the worldwide share of Ã¢â¬ dry shavingÃ¢â¬ ?The brand Ã¢â¬Å"PhilipsÃ¢â¬ must increase the worldwide share of Ã¢â¬Å"dry shavingÃ¢â¬ thanks to four points:Ã¢â¬â The first one, Philips must concentrate the efforts on the Asia Market Ã¢â¬â Some of countries, in Asia, have a very fast growth like China and India China: Increase of 67.5 % since 2009 (Male toiletries) India: Increase of 63.6 % since 2009 (Male toiletries) Ã¢â¬â Philips, have to spend more in Asia market (The brand spend five times more in USA than in China. Ã¢â¬â The market position in Asia is a weakness currently.Ã¢â¬â The second point is to continue to innovate. Indeed, we can see that Philips has a real strong competitors like Braun, Panasonic, Remington. ItÃ¢â ¬â¢s very important for a brand to innovate a lot. The customers must see clearly a difference between the old and the new shaver. People always want Ã¢â¬Å"A new productÃ¢â¬ . We can see in the history of Philips, that the shavers improved a lot.Ã¢â¬â Some datas: Ã¢â¬â 1939: First Philipshaver was introduced Ã¢â¬â 1966: Philipshaver 3 Ã¢â¬â Another generations Ã¢â¬â 1998: Collaboration with Ã¢â¬Å"NiveaÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Philips has two options for a product innovations: 1) Development of a new product (With Marketing Analysis) 2) Improvement of existing products (Technical abilities)Ã¢â¬â The third point for Philips is to target the young people: Ã¢â¬â To be their first experience Ã¢â¬â To make them loyal to the brand Ã¢â¬â Philips can launch a targeting advertising campaign (Distribution in front of the schools)Ã¢â¬â The last point is to take shares from the wet shaving: Ã¢â¬â Wet shaving world shares: 60% Ã¢â¬â Dry shaving world shares: 40%Foc us that dry shaving avoid irritation, nicks and cuts in advertising campaign.3: How will you characterize and explain the cross-national advertising Ã¢â¬ rowing boatÃ¢â¬ campaign?We can see in advertising Ã¢â¬Å"Rowing BoatÃ¢â¬ campaign some important informations: Ã¢â¬â First of all, this campaign was launched for many countries (USA Ã¢â¬â United Kingdom Ã¢â¬â Germany and Spain) Ã¢â¬â We can see that the advertising is targeting: Men Ã¢â¬â Athletic men Ã¢â¬â We can see the competition and some symbolizes related with the brand Ã¢â¬Å"PhilipsÃ¢â¬ : Ã¢â¬â Three rotating bladesÃ¢â¬â The water symbolizes the skin Ã¢â¬â Very exclusive sport Ã¢â¬â Top of the market (Philips)4: Who are the target groups for the:a: Ã¢â¬ Rowing boatÃ¢â¬ advertising campaignThis advertising campaign is basically for young men, we can see four rowers in the boat. We know that young men use mainly wet shaving, on this ad Philips tries to show them that dry shaving i s for us too. Then, We can say that it is for people with middle or high incomes, indeed rowing sport is basically for people who have a comfortable situation. To continue, This advertising aims to affect sportsmen, active people who take care of their body.b: Ã¢â¬ GiftÃ¢â¬ advertising campaignThis advertising aims to affect women and especially wives. There are three rings linked with the three rotary heads. In fact, this ad tries to make women realize that the equivalency of a wedding rings for a men is a dry shaver (Philips). It implies a new kind of present for men and a new way to think. It is usually launched during Chrismas or Birthdays.c: WilliansF1 advertising campaignFinally, this advertising want to reach people who love sport, cars but not common cars, very performing and fast cars. It implies that Philips shavers have the same characteristics than F1 racing cars. There is also the use of an opinion leader in the person of the F1 Driver. This advertising will have a massive tv effect.5: What is the difference in the cooperative relationship that Philips has with Nivea (Cool Skin) and that with WilliansF1?The relationship between Philips and Nivea brought a new product in a new market segment. It was the opportunity for Philips to widen its product range and for Nivea to differenciate its products. Basically, the relationshipÃ¢â¬â¢s goal was to make a common product, to unite Philips and NiveaÃ¢â¬â¢s know-how in one product to make an innovative product (strategic partner). In comparison, The relationship with WiliansF1 was different, it was sponsorship. Philips wanted to unite its image to the F1Ã¢â¬â¢s image which means that Philips wanted to take profit of the popularity of F1 (brand endorsement), increase its awareness, strengthen its image and to show to people that the F1 characteristics (Fast & performing cars, precision, excellence) are the reflection of Philips products.6: Discuss the internet as a part of a multiple distribution channel strategy for Philip shaversAdvantages:Ã¢â¬â Adjusted advertisement Ã¢â¬â Direct feedbacks from customers Ã¢â¬â Availability of products all over the world Ã¢â¬â Possibility to have a direct relation with customers Ã¢â¬â Viral marketing, people will share on their walls, will like or comment Philips publication & ads Ã¢â¬â Multi channel strategyDisavantages:Ã¢â¬â People can make negatives posts on their websites & social network pages Ã¢â¬â Philips has to be always in the trend, its pages cannot be old fashioned and Philips has to make posts regularlyConclusionAs a conclusion we can say through continuous innovation Philips managed to impose on the market shavers . Indeed, the technologies proposed by Philips is fully in line with the needs of consumers Ã¢â¬ faster and more sensitive shavingÃ¢â¬ . Moreover, the choice of partners and advertising remains important because these through these that Philipse vehicle values and attracts a growing numb er of consumers. The adaptation of the communication strategy by country reveals that Philips puts particular emphasis on the needs of local consumers. Finally, Philips should focus on the Asian continent because some developing countries such as China and India has a fast growing enabling Philips to increase its turnover and increase its superiority over more its competitors.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
Black Boy vs. To Kill A Mockingbird essays To Kill A Mockingbird and Black Boy are two books dealing with racism in the early 1900's. Each one followed the life of a child as they grew up in the South. These two children lead drastically different lives because Scout Finch, the heroin of To Kill A Mockingbird, was a little white girl and Richard Wright was the title character of Black Boy. However, both experienced the harsh realities of an unfair world at a young age. Richard Wright was born into his. Him and his family struggled every day in a never-ending battle to survive. Jobs were hard to find and wages dangerously low. There was never enough food to nourish his ever changing and growing body. His life was constantly upturned as his family moved around, usually to big cities in search of good work. He never got more than a year of schooling at any one place, and each time would have to establish himself on the playground and streets through fighting. He was a drunk by the age of six. At the age of ten he had to leave school to get his first job because his mother had taken ill. In comparison, Scout Finch's life was easy, her childhood settled. She grew up in a small town where her family dated back generations. Her dad was a well-respected lawyer who made a comfortable living and took good care of his children. Unlike Richard's family who never seemed to care about his feelings, Scout grew up in a very loving environment. Her biggest worry in life was having to wear girly dresses that didn't fit her tomboy nature. There was never a day in Richard's life when he didn't experience racism. He couldn't hide from it; It dictated his existence. He went through life seeing the world around him as White vs. Black. He had never been around Whites like the Finch family who were tolerant and compassionate of Blacks. In his mind Whites were the enemy and could bring nothing but trouble. Scout, on the other hand growing up in a small, backwa...
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
15 Classic Poems for the New Year The turning of the calendar from one year to the next has always been a time of reflection and hope. We spend the daysÃ summing up past experiences, bidding farewell to those we have lost, renewing old friendships, making plans and resolutions, and expressing our hopes for the future. All of these are fit subjects for poems, like these classics on New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s themes. Robert Burns,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Song- Auld Lang SyneÃ¢â¬ (1788) It is a song that millions choose to sing every year as the clock strikes midnight and it is a timeless classic. Auld Lang Syne is both a song and a poem, after all, songs are poetry set to music, right? And yet, the tune we know today isnt quite the same thing that Robert Burns had in mind when he wrote it over two centuries ago. The melody has changed and a few of the words have been updated (and others have not) to meet modern tongues. For instance, in the last verse, Burns wrote: And thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a hand, my trusty fere!And gieÃ¢â¬â¢s a hand oÃ¢â¬â¢ thine!And weÃ¢â¬â¢ll tak a right gude-willie waught, The modern version prefers: And thers a hand, my trusty friend,And gies a hand o thine;Well tak a cup o kindness yet, It is the phrase gude-willie waught that catches most people by surprise and its easy to see why many people choose to repeat cup o kindness yet. They do mean the same thing though, as gude-willie is Scottish adjective meaningÃ good-willÃ andÃ waughtÃ meansÃ hearty drink. Tip:Ã Ã A common misconception is thatÃ Sin is pronouncedÃ zineÃ when really it is more likeÃ sign. It meansÃ sinceÃ andÃ auld lang syneÃ refers to something like old long since. Ella Wheeler Wilcox,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The YearÃ¢â¬ (1910) If there is a New Years Eve poem worth putting to memory, it is Ella Wheeler Wilcoxs The Year. This short and rhythmical poem sums up everything we experience with the passing of each year and it rolls off the tongue when recited. What can be said in New Year rhymes,ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not been said a thousand times?The new years come, the old years go,We know we dream, we dream we know.We rise up laughing with the light,We lie down weeping with the night.We hug the world until it stings,We curse it then and sigh for wings.We live, we love, we woo, we wed,We wreathe our brides, we sheet our dead.We laugh, we weep, we hope, we fear,And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the burden of the year. If you get the opportunity, read WilcoxsÃ Ã¢â¬Å"New Year: A Dialogue.Ã¢â¬ Written inÃ 1909, it is a fantastic dialogue between Mortal and The New Year in which the latter knocks on the door with offers of good cheer, hope, success, health, and love. The reluctant and downcast mortal is finally lured in. It is a brilliant commentary on how the new year often revives us even though it is just another day on the calendar. Helen Hunt Jackson,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s MorningÃ¢â¬ (1892) Along those same lines, Hellen Hunt Jacksons poem, New Years Morning discusses how its only one night and that each morning can be New Years. This is a fantastic piece of inspirational prose that ends with: Only a night from old to new;Only a sleep from night to morn.The new is but the old come true;Each sunrise sees a new year born. Alfred, Lord Tennyson,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The Death of the Old YearÃ¢â¬ (1842) Poets often relate the old year with drudgery and sorrow and the new year with hope and lifted spirits. Alfred, Lord Tennyson did not shy away from these thoughts and the title of his poem, The Death of the Old Year captures the sentiment of the verses perfectly. In this classic poem, Tennyson spends the first four verses lamenting the years passing as if it were an old and dear friend on his death bed. The first stanza ends with four poignant lines: Old year you must not die;You came to us so readily,You lived with us so steadily,Old year you shall not die. As the verses move on, he counts down the hours: Ã¢â¬â¢ Tis nearly twelve oÃ¢â¬â¢clock. Shake hands, before you die. Eventually, a new face is at his door and the narrator must Step from the corpse, and let him in. Tennyson addresses the new year inÃ Ã¢â¬Å"Ring Out, Wild BellsÃ¢â¬ (from In Memoriam A.H.H., 1849) as well. In this poem, he pleads with the wild bells to Ring out the grief, dying, pride, spite, and many more distasteful traits. As he does this, he asks the bells to ring in the good, the peace, the noble, and the true. More New Years Poetry Death, life, sadness, and hope; poets in the 19th and 20th centuries took these New Years themes to great extremes as they wrote. Some took an optimistic view while, for others, it seems to have only led to despair. As you explore this theme, be sure to read these classic poems and study some of the context of the poets lives as the influence is often very profound in understanding. William Cullen Bryant,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"A Song for New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s EveÃ¢â¬ (1859) - Bryant reminds us that the old year is not yet gone and that we should enjoy it to the last second. Many people take this as a great reminder for life in general. Emily Dickinson,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"One Year ago - jots what?Ã¢â¬ (#296) - The new year makes many people look back and reflect. While not specifically about New Years Day, this brilliant poem is wildly introspective. The poet wrote it on the anniversary of her fathers death and her writing seems so jumbled, so distraught that it moves the reader. No matter your anniversary - death, loss... whatever - you have likely felt the same as Dickinson at one time. Christina Rossetti,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Old and New Year DittiesÃ¢â¬ (1862) - The Victorian poet could be quite morbid and, surprisingly, this poem from the collection Goblin Market and Other Poems is one of her brighter works. It is very Biblical and offers hope and fulfillment. Also Recommended Francis Thompson,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s ChimesÃ¢â¬ (1897)Thomas Hardy,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The Darkling ThrushÃ¢â¬ (composed December 31, 1900, published 1902)Thomas Hardy,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s EveÃ¢â¬ (1906)D.H. Lawrence,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s EveÃ¢â¬ (1917) andÃ Ã¢â¬Å"New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s NightÃ¢â¬ (1917)John Clare,Ã Ã¢â¬Å"The Old YearÃ¢â¬ (1920)
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Equality and Diversity Management - Essay Example For example, companies which have long remained a part of the old boys club may find it difficult to change overnight to become culturally accepting of not too many boys and having younger employees work in higher positions within the company. Even large multinationals operating in the UK such as DuPont and GE have had cultural problems while creating equality and diversity which goes to so that getting there is not an easy task.In terms of recent developments, diversity and equality are being seen as of the factors that could give a competitive advantage to a company and make it perform better than its rivals. A high level of diversity and equality can help to motivate employees and make them more productive. This idea has been developed to the extent that some organisations are taking diversity levels and the creation of equality as a one of their strategic objectives (CIPD, 2006). In such situations, the HR managers and the policy makers of the organisation are made responsible fo r creating a work environment where diversity is supported and equality is established.Fredmen (2001) says that in this regard, fourth generation equality legislation becomes very important because it improves the participation of affected groups in the decision making process. Ã¢â¬Å"Fourth generation equality laws based on a positive duty to promote equality rather than simply to refrain from discrimination are being actively developed in several jurisdictions. Mainstreaming means that equality is not just an add-on or after-thought to policy.
Thursday, October 31, 2019
The Effect on Job Satisfaction Among Urban Police Officers - Dissertation Example This research will begin with the statement that historically, police officers work is to protect life, liberty, and property, the role of police officers comes with many challenges such as fighting, deterring and preventing crimes. In the course of fulfilling this role police officers are exposed to various work situations which require different mental and physical abilities to handle their work efficiently and effectively. According to Gibbons and Gibbons, stress is associated with how an individual appraises situations and the coping strategies utilized to address the situation. Malach-Pines and Keinan stated that police officers are exposed to various occupational stressors which impact negatively on the health and the performance of the individual police officer. According to Rollinson, stress can be defined as a reaction to an external occurrence or any physical or mental demand, while Malach-Pines and Keinan, and Waters and Ussery defined stress as an adverse reaction people may have to excessive pressure or other demands placed on them. In this context, occupational stress or workplace stress refers to stress that is experienced as a direct result of their occupation. Previous research conducted by Malach-Pines and Waters and Ussery, indicated that stress results from a negative workplace environment and interactions at work constitute a major problem for police officers. Some stress can be regarded as a positive motivator, known as eustress, but in general stress is regarded as a destructive distress and may even function as a life threatening event. Police work has been classified as one of the professions rated highest in job stress next to air traffic controllers and firefighters (Gulle, Tredoux, & Foster, 1998). By the very nature of the profession, police officers are exposed to a variety of duty-related stressors that differ significantly in quality and quantity from those experienced by the general population. Examples of such stressors include killing someone in the line of duty, having a partner killed in the line of duty, managing or addressing public concerns on a daily basis, shift work and disruption of family time/family rituals, and lack of support by the department and supervisors (Gulle et al, 1998). Police officer stressors can further be categorized into two areas: internal and external work environment. Internal work environments are those areas that are related to organizational structure, climate, and supervisory support which can be an even greater source of stress for police officers than regular calls for service such as: a stolen car, missing person, and theft reports (Cooper, Davidson, & Robinson, 1982; Violanti & Aron, 1994; Kirkcaldy, Cooper, & Ruffalo, 1995). Lack of recognition, lack of resources, lack of promotion, and excessive paperwork are among the top internal stressors faced by police officers (Waters & Ussery, 2007; Stotland & Pendleton, 1989). External work environments include areas such as: weather, health problems, physical and psychological well-being (Bartol & Bartol, 2004: Waters & Ussery, 2007). Emotional intelligence (EI) has become of widespread interest to psychological research in recent years (Mayer & Salovey, 1997). Emotional Intelligence is the ability to process emotional information as it pertains to the perception, assimilation, expression, regulation, and management of emotion (Mayer & Cobb, 2000; Mayer, Salovey, & Caruso, 2000). According to Goleman (1995), EI is referred to as emotional literacy. Mayer and Salovey (1997) posit that emotional intelligence is one of the important factors that determine success in life and psychological well-being. Individuals with EI are therefore, able to relate to others with compassion and empathy, have well-developed social skills, and use this emotional awareness to direct their acts and behaviors. According to Ciarrochi,
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Baby Hope - Essay Example The findings section shows how months subsequent to the discovery of the girlÃ¢â¬â¢s body saw certain facts emerge, where it was discovered that the girl was malnourished and sexually abused. Notably also, the investigators gave information on when the body was found and when it might have been dropped off in the woods of Henry Hudson Parkway as they sought to get details on who had dropped off the cooler. The recommendations given are to help other investigators in future or old cases to get information and support from the public. The conclusion highlights a theme of humanizing a dead girl and remaining relentless to solve the case. Introduction On July 23 1991, a 3- 5 year girlÃ¢â¬â¢s body was uncovered in a blue picnic cooler in ManhattanÃ¢â¬â¢s upper side, close to Dyckman Street. Detectives issued posters with a toll free number for the public to call in with any information regarding persons carrying the cooler around that area. Employees of a construction company came a cross the decaying body close to the Henry Hudson Parkway early afternoon hours. The girl was naked, hands and feet tied with the only item on her being a string that held her hair in a pony tail presumably (The New York Times, August 3 1991). The Missing PersonÃ¢â¬â¢s Squad, according to Detective Joseph Gallagher a police spokesman, could not determine if the child had been reported missing owing to the condition in which she was found (The New York Times, July 24 1991.). Findings On June 14, five photographs were discovered next to Route 46 in Garfield, New Jersey. The Polaroid photographers were found in a shopping bag every one showing a girl having oral sex with a man whose face was cut out of the pictures. During October one of the police officers deliberated that those photographs had familial ties to the Baby Hope case as there was a connection linking them to the police composites. Investigators proceeded to send the skull of the dead girl and the photos to the forensic laboratory of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Washington. Dr. Douglas Ubelaker from the Smithsonian Institute assisted the FBI in determining that the photographs along with the girl found in the cooler undoubtedly indicated the same person. This was revealed to the public in January of the following year by the Bergen County Prosecutor, John Fahy. At this time, more descriptive details of the girl were released where it was revealed that she was 3 feet 2 inches tall, white and possibly Hispanic, slight build, olive complexion and reddish-brown hair. In addition, she had on a ring on the left hand and her ears being pierced. This allowed the FBI to create a photograph enhanced by computer that was not sexually explicit, to the public (Myers, 1992). Homicide Investigators from the Washington Heights police station issued out posters on the anniversary of the finding of Baby Hope. One such poster indicated that a $12,000 reward would be given to anyone with information on the g irl and a toll free number given at the bottom. October this year saw new light being shed into the investigation where a tip was received from a woman who claimed to know the sister of Baby Hope. This information enabled investigators to interview a number of people and this led to confirmation of the identity of Baby HopeÃ¢â¬â¢s mother as scientific evidence was used. The woman that gave the tip stated that she had spoken to a woman who had told her that her sister had been killed. After seeing the
Sunday, October 27, 2019
Globalisation In Early Childhood Education Essay Globalisation affects the countrys culture and economy development. There is impact of globalisation for children and families in both developed and developing countries. There are positive and negative implications for globalisations. In the developing countries, such as Africa, children were not supposed to view themselves as individuals on your own and without the constant intimate presence of others is the worst kind of punishment. (Penn, 2004) In this way, children may not be able to have his own decision and thoughts. People viewed themselves as a whole as community working as together. Children were trained to run errands from the moment they could toddle. (Penn, 2004) Children are to help out in the family and perform the given work the same as everyone. They are to work and contribute to the family. If they are encouraged to go to school, the family will have less helpers to support and they also face the challenge of funding their childrens education. It has also been experienced that although the majority of children in India today have access to school education, all of them are not receiving quality education for various reasons. (Govinda, 2011) One of the reasons could be the lack of funds to suppor t the childrens education as their families are already in poverty. It becomes a challenge to sustain a childs education throughout his life. However according to Penn (2004), rich countries notion of helpfulness and obligation is rarely seen as an integral part of childhood and bearing. They view it as immoral to deploy children into the workforce. Globalisation of early childhood education has positive impact in the more developed countries as they have the beliefs of providing education to the children and against the practice of letting children be breadwinners for their households. Another impact of globalisation of early childhood education has on the affluence and in poverty is in the area of language. In the case of Africa, the understanding of early childhood includes the virtue of togetherness called ubuntu which is reflected in their very own native language. Hence, communications are reflected in different meanings in different languages. For example, terms of respect, deference and gender are built into most African languages, and communication is meaningless without them. (Penn, 2004) It is mentioned that there is a limited range of countries (USA and Europe) which derived the contemporary notions of child development. (Sanders, 2004) The increasingly globalised world culture can result in certain ideologies about children and childhood will come to displace the vital diversity of experience of being a child. These ideologies derived predominantly from Western, affluent countries. The fact that English language is the world language will affect the int roduction of ideologies from western countries. Children from developing countries who do not have the chance to learn and practise English as effectively as pre-school and schooling experiences sometimes could do more harm than good for them to pick up the language skills due to mismatched of teaching methods. (Penn, 2004) The children may not appreciate the literacy skills that they should learn. On the hand, children from affluent countries are usually English speakers who see no need to learn another language since English is the universal language. In a way, they may be at a disadvantage as those who are multilingual or bilingual are naturally at an intellectual advantage. The implications of early childhood globalisations have been more receptive for developed countries than developing countries. In developed countries such as America, the government plays an important role in the country. It has a role in promoting early childhood education and care. (Penn, 2004) Government supportive of early childhood education will influence the parents thoughts and views about education. Funds to help in early childhood education area will improved in the quality of education. For example, employing skilled teachers and sending teachers for professional development to be updated with the latest information and skills. Now they are beginning to focus on childrens experiences before school. (Penn, 2004) They are very positive towards globalisation of early childhood education and care. All governments in most developed countires have a national framework for the development and support of Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC). (Penn, 2004) It shows the government emphasis on the importance and commitment of ECEC. European countries are especially embrace these policies to help balance work life in families. It is viewed as public good. Unlike the case of developing countries, they have been facing potential negative implications for early childhood care and education. According to Penn (2004), developing countries has increasing number of women are seeking out to work. The women and their families are moving into the cities. Therefore, they would send their children in to childcare and mothers will be able to go out to work. The need of having childcare services would increase and proper education will be able to be delivered to children. However, there is a percentage of children who do not receive education or receive poor education in the cities. People pay for what they can afford, and poor people who cannot afford to pay fees either receive very poor service or none at all. (Penn, 2004) It is essential giving proper care and sending children to schools with proper education. The children most affected by poor quality schools and therefore facing problems of locational disadvantage; and the influence of gender and social background of children on their access to quality education. (Govinda and Madhumita, 2011) Working mothers are working leaves their children in the care of their older children or leaving their children without any care. Leaving children without any proper care leads to accidents to happen. Parents may not have the knowledge of leaving their children alone without any care or leaving them to the older siblings care. Older siblings may not have the experience and knowledge looking after young children too. Accidents or death may happen when negligence takes place. Another negative implication is that there is a mismatch of successful model for implementation of globalisation of early childhood education with the local traditions and context in developing countries. Based on Penn, she had done a research on the work of international donors agencies in the field of early childhood. She discovered that very often, these agencies would take into the child developement theory from the developed countries in order to implement initiatives in developing countries. The full implementation of such initiatives in developing countries can cause resistance and incorporation. It is inevitable to have modification for effectiveness. Historical and cultural influences may not seem to impact early childhood education but they are very important in understanding why things are the way they are. (Jackson and Fawcett, 2004) In Mongolia, World Bank and other international agencies were willing to invest money in to help Mongolia to reform.(Penn, 2004) However, money were accepted but reforms could not take place. Donors tried to promote community participation but it was not favoured by the local people as their best understanding is home place. Therefore it is meaningless for donors to help them. Reform ideas had to be stopped. When initiatives or funds were given to the needed country, the people in the country may not work and tends to rely on the funds to support themselves and family. They do not see the importance to work to improve in their home economy. They lack capacity of they deemed too lazy or dishonest to undertake the work that is necessary. (Penn, 2004) It becomes a cycle of helping the country and it may not be constantly other countries to help all the time. Globalisation has open the door for reform in affluent countries and countries in poverty. There are positive and negative impacts and implications as it challenged the norms, the identities and belief systems of the countries. In globalisation, children in poverty-stricken countries are given the opportunity to attend schools. This will help the countrys economy as their human resource is more well-trained and prepared for the future. In globalisation, there are measures and policies in place to encourage women to join the workforce. Mothers are encouraged to enter the society to work. When both parents are out to work, it will help in earning more family income. However, the negative implications of globalisation for developing countries have to be well-managed. There should be room for improvement, modification and review. One of the ways is that the trend is for professionals from developing countries, such as South Africa, to fill gaps in the labour market in developed countries such as the United Kingdom. (Sadhana, 2009) In this case, workers from developing countries have the chance to earn more income and boost the economy and have sufficient funds to provide their children with a good early childhood education. There is still room for research in the area of globalisation of early childhood education so as to reap its full potential in both developed and developing countries. Word Count : 1530